Thoracic Lumbar Injury

Treated @ Lighthouse Physical Therapy

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Thoracic Lumbar Injury

The lumbar region of the spine is composed of 5 vertebrae that are bridged by discs. These articulations form little spaces on either side (facets) that allow spinal nerve roots to exit from the spinal cord and into the arms and legs. The lumbar spine is naturally curved into extension, which is called a “lordosis.” Individuals with scoliosis (spine is rotated and laterally curved), a flat back or excessively curved back commonly report low back pain due to encroachment on these structures. Recent research demonstrates that conservative treatment of low back pain has the same (if not better) outcomes as surgery at a 5-10 year followup. In addition, most low back pain will clear up within 4-6 months.

The thoracic region of the spine is composed of 12 thoracic vertebrae that are bridged by discs. As with the lumbar spine, the spaces between the vertebral facets allow for spinal nerves to exit and gather sensation from the body as well as power the muscles they feed. Conversely from the lumbar spine, the thoracic spine has a curvature that forms more of a dome and is called a “kyphosis.”  Injuries in this region are less common, however, they can be just as debilitating.

thoracic lumbar injury
  • Herniated disc
  • Bulged disc
  • Arthritic changes
  • Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)
  • Spondylosis
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Muscle strain
  • Weakness of core and back muscles
  • Poor sitting or standing posture
  • Compression fracture
  • Ankylosing Spondylosis
  • Rib Fracture


Individualized treatment plans will be generated upon an evaluation from one of our experienced clinicians. The evaluation, will take into account your symptoms, X-Ray/MRI results, special tests, and your personal goals. Every patient will have a treatment plan individually designed for them and their needs. If you do not have a prescription from your physician for physical therapy, you may still be able to be treated at Lighthouse.